Friday, January 29, 2016

Zika virus infection!!! Be aware of it!!!

An overview of this alarming virus - named as 

Zika virus:

  • Zika virus is spread through mosquito bites.
  • Zika virus outbreaks have occurred in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Thus far in the continental United States, Zika virus infections have only been reported in returning travelers.
  • The illness is usually mild; the most common symptoms of Zika virus infection include fever, rash, joint pain, and redness of the eyes.
  • A possible link between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barre syndrome has been reported in some individuals.
  • In addition, concern has been raised about a possible link between Zika virus infection in pregnant women and subsequent birth defects, specifically microcephaly.
Baby with Microephaly!

How might a Zika virus infection be treated?

  • There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus infections, nor is there a specific medicine to treat Zika.
  • Individuals infected with the Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink fluids, and take medications such as acetaminophen for pain. Aspirin and anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) should be avoided until dengue has been ruled out.
  • Taking steps to prevent mosquito bites is the most effective way to protect oneself.
  • People traveling to countries in which Zika virus outbreaks have occurred are encouraged to use insect repellent, wear long sleeves and long pants, and use window and door screens when inside.
The main Culprit!!

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